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Cold homes are not only reported to increase the likelihood of minor illness such as cold and flu, but also mental health issues, respiratory and cardiovascular issues, and can cause excess winter deaths when compared to more energy efficient homes (University College, Marmot Review Team and Friends of the Earth, 2011).

Warmer housing has been attributed to 38% less sick days, 50% less missed school days, and even saving the NHS £0.42 for every £1 spent on keeping homes warm (Department of Health, 2009). Other studies have suggested that England’s poor housing stock costs the NHS between £600 million and £2.5billion annually (Nicol, Roys and Garrett, 2010).

The cost of cold homes